These two birds are often mistaken for each other and sometimes just known as the same bird. Crows’ and ravens’ behaviors and appearances are very similar, but can be distinguished with a few known facts.
Both descending from the same family and order of “corvidae and Passeriformes,” crows and ravens differ by their vocal sounds, habitat preferences, mentality and size. For example, the sounds of a common crow are caw-caw-caws, whereas ravens make deeper-like caw sounds that resemble croaking. An interesting fact, ravens are incapable of tearing through the thicker skins of large carcasses and will use their croaking call to attract wolves and foxes, allowing the lured animals to expose the flesh from the fur for them.
Crows being omnivores, they will eat almost anything from small animals, insects, fruits, seeds, nuts, garbage, abandoned junk food, vomit and animal waste. Crows sometimes use the tactic of chasing sparrows into windows and buildings, allowing them to gobble them up while they are dead or still stunned. They have been recorded for eating more than 1,000 different food items.
A raven’s diet, however, mostly consists of road kill and small catchable animals. They too are omnivores, occasionally eating garbage, fruits, etc.
Ravens are not only smarter than crows, but are also one of the most intelligent birds known. For example, like parrots, they are capable of learning to speak many words, sentences, and even count.
Ravens also have been known to push rocks onto people for climbing too close to their nests. Growing bigger than crows, ravens can reach the size of a hawk, whereas crows typically vary in size similar to pigeons.
Addie T. Lindsay is 17 years old. She is an accomplished writer and photographer of wildlife creatures, big and small. She can be reached at CritterChatter@Live.com.