In most cases, scanning your drives for errors and defragmenting, and optimizing your drives should be automatic. But verifying the settings periodically makes sense, too.
Open File Explorer and to the left, click “This PC.” In the middle pane, you should see a list of your drives. Right-click your “Local C” drive and from the menu, click “Properties.”
In the box that opens, click the “Tools” tab at the top. Next, click the “Check” button to the right. If it states that it found errors on this drive, you should fix them. If it states that there were no errors found, you can click “Cancel” to close the box. You can choose to run the scan anyway, if you want.
Now, click the “Optimize” button. To manually optimize your drives, begin by highlighting the first one in the list and then click either “Analyze” or “Optimize.” You can do this for each drive listed.
Verify the settings by clicking the “Change settings” button. You can choose from Daily, Weekly or Monthly and then click “Choose” and checkmark the drives you want to have optimized on this schedule. Click “OK” twice to save your changes, close the box and then click “OK” to finish.
For more than 15 years, Scott Lindsay has helped thousands of people better their skills, publishing more than 400 articles about Apple and Microsoft software, the computer and the Internet. You can reach Scott for comments or questions at ScottLindsay@live.com.