Tooele Transcript Bulletin – News in Tooele, Utah
image Portrayal of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism

April 7, 2014
Week of April 7, 2014

• On April 8, 563 B.C., Buddhists celebrate the commemoration of the birth of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Gautama Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha, son of the king of the Sakya kingdom, located on the borders of present-day Nepal and India.

• On April 7, 1776, Navy Capt. John Barry, commander of the American warship Lexington, makes the first American naval capture of a British vessel when he takes command of the British warship HMS Edward off the coast of Virginia.

• On April 12, 1914, the Mark Strand Theater opens to the public in New York City. The Strand was the first of the “dream palaces.” It seated 3,000 people and boasted a second-floor balcony.

• On April 9, 1939, Easter Sunday, more than 75,000 people come to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., to hear black contralto Marian Anderson give a free concert. Anderson had been scheduled to sing at Washington’s Constitution Hall, but the Daughters of the American Revolution denied her the right to perform because of her race.

• On April 11, 1951, President Harry Truman relieves Gen. Douglas MacArthur of command of the U.S. forces in Korea. The firing set off an uproar among the American public, but Truman remained committed to keeping the conflict in Korea limited. Eventually the American people understood that MacArthur’s policies might have led to a massively expanded war in Asia.

• On April 10, 1963, the USS Thresher, an atomic submarine, sinks in the Atlantic Ocean, killing the entire crew when it unexpectedly plunged to the sea floor 300 miles off the coast of New England. A subsequent investigation revealed that a leak in a silver-brazed joint in the engine room had caused a short circuit.

• On April 13, 1970, disaster strikes 200,000 miles from Earth when oxygen tank No. 2 blows up on Apollo 13, the third manned lunar landing mission. The crippled spacecraft continued to the moon, circled it, and began a long journey back to Earth, parachuting safely into the Pacific Ocean on April 17.

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