Tooele Transcript Bulletin – News in Tooele, Utah

July 21, 2014
Week of July 21, 2014

• On July 23, 1888, Raymond Chandler, creator of detective Philip Marlowe, is born in Chicago. During the Depression, Chandler turned to writing to support himself. He published his novel “The Big Sleep” in 1939, followed by “Farewell My Lovely” and “The Long Goodbye.”

• On July 25, 1917, in Paris, exotic dancer Mata Hari is sentenced to death by a French court for spying on Germany’s behalf during World War I. Since 1903, Margueretha Gertruida Zelle had performed in Paris as a dancer under the name Mata Hari, claiming she was an Indian priestess.

• On July 21, 1925, John T. Scopes is convicted of violating Tennessee’s law against teaching evolution in public schools. The case was only for show, and the jury only conferred for a few moments. The American Civil Liberties Union had advertised for a teacher who would let himself be arrested to challenge the law and open it for public debate.

• On July 22, 1933, American aviator Wiley Post returns to New York, becoming the first aviator to fly solo around the world. Post flew a Lockheed Vega monoplane, nicknamed the Winnie Mae.

• On July 26, 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt seizes all Japanese assets in the United States in retaliation for the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China. Britain and the Dutch East Indies followed suit. The result: Japan lost access to three-fourths of its overseas trade and 88 percent of its imported oil.

• On July 24, 1959, during the grand opening ceremony of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev engage in a heated debate in the middle of a model kitchen set up for the fair. The “kitchen debate” became one of the most famous episodes of the Cold War.

• On July 27, 1974, the House Judiciary Committee recommends that America’s 37th president, Richard M. Nixon, be impeached and removed from office. The impeachment proceedings resulted from a series of political scandals known as Watergate. On Aug. 8, Nixon announced his resignation.

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