Tooele Transcript Bulletin – News in Tooele, Utah
image First Barbie Doll 1959

March 3, 2014
Week of March 3, 2014

• On March 6, 1475, Michelangelo Buonarroti, the greatest of the Italian Renaissance artists, is born in the village of Caprese. His most important early work was the Pieta (1498), which showed the body of Christ in the lap of the Virgin Mary. He extracted the two perfectly balanced figures of the Pieta from a single block of marble.

 

• On March 8, 1862, the Confederate ironclad Virginia wreaks havoc on a Yankee squadron off Hampton Roads, Va., when it attacked the U.S.S. Cumberland. Other Union ships fired back, but the shots were, in the words of one observer, “having no more effect than peas from a pop-gun.”

 

• On March 3, 1931, President Herbert Hoover signs a congressional act making “The Star-Spangled Banner” the official national anthem of the United States. In 1814, Francis Scott Key composed the lyrics after witnessing the massive overnight British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Maryland during the War of 1812.

 

• On March 4, 1944, Louis “Lepke” Buchalter, the head of Murder, Inc., is executed at Sing Sing Prison in New York. Lepke was the leader of the country’s largest crime syndicate throughout the 1930s. His downfall came when several members of his notorious killing squad became witnesses for the government.

 

• On March 9, 1959, the first Barbie doll goes on display at the American Toy Fair in New York City. Barbie was the first mass-produced toy doll in the United States with adult features. Barbie’s appearance was modeled on a doll named Lilli, based on a German comic-strip character, and originally was marketed as a racy gag gift to adult men.

 

• On March 5, 1977, the Dial-a-President radio program, featuring President Jimmy Carter and CBS news anchorman Walter Cronkite, airs for the first time. Approximately 9 million calls flooded the radio studio during the two-hour broadcast.

 

• On March 7, 1987, Mike Tyson defeats James “Bonecrusher” Smith to unify the WBA and WBC heavyweight titles. At age 20, Tyson became the youngest undisputed heavyweight champion in boxing history.

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