Tooele Transcript Bulletin – News in Tooele, Utah
image World War I trench.

October 13, 2014
Week of October 13, 2014

• On Oct. 13, 1792, the cornerstone is laid for a presidential residence in the capital city of Washington. In 1800, President John Adams became the first president to reside in the executive mansion, which soon became known as the White House.

• On Oct. 15, 1863, during the Civil War, the submarine C.S.S. Hunley sinks during a test run in Charleston Harbor, killing its inventor and seven crewmembers. The Hunley, propelled by a hand crank that drove the ship’s propeller, would later become the first combat submarine to sink an enemy warship.

• On Oct. 16, 1916, Pvt. Henry Farr of the British Expeditionary Force is executed for cowardice after he refuses to go into the frontline trenches. Farr was one of 306 British soldiers who were executed for cowardice. They likely suffered from severe shellshock.

• On Oct. 14, 1939, designer Ralph Lauren is born in New York. Lauren created the “Chaps” stonewashed jeans and faded work shirts designed to appear as if they were from the well-worn wardrobe of a hardworking Western rancher.

• On Oct. 19, 1958, in Brussels, Belgium, the World’s Fair closes after visits by 42 million people. The U.S. and Soviet exhibition halls were directly across from one another. While the Soviet exhibit centered on the technological accomplishments, the U.S. focused on voting booths, fashions and home furnishings. Both lost to Czechoslovakia for best exhibit.

• On Oct. 17, 1974, President Gerald Ford explains to Congress that he gave Richard Nixon a full pardon for all offenses against the United States in order to put the tragic and disruptive scandal behind all concerned. Ford’s decision was condemned and is thought to have contributed to his failure to win the 1976 presidential election.

• On Oct. 18, 1988, “Roseanne,” a television sitcom about a blue-collar American family starring the comedian Roseanne Barr, premieres on ABC. Barr’s portrayal of the loud, abrasive, overweight Roseanne Conner was a sharp contrast to the stereotypical TV housewife in the mold of “Leave It to Beaver’s” June Cleaver.

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